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Probiotics for Ulcerative Colitis

We consume probiotics to support our health. When taken in sufficient amounts, these beneficial bacteria can provide a host of health benefits. Probiotics are bacterial strains that can help improve our digestive system, or so-called good bacteria. Products with beneficial bacteria are designed to populate the intestinal walls with healthy, gut-friendly bacteria. They are found in certain foods, and they also come in supplements, which are available in capsule and tablet form. While many people take probiotics to support digestive health, they are also effective in treating gastrointestinal disorders such as pouchitis and ulcerative colitis.


What is ulcerative colitis?


Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes ulcers and inflammation in the digestive tract. It affects the innermost lining of the large intestine and rectum. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bleeding from the rectum

Ulcerative colitis may be influenced by the following factors:

  • Immune function of the intestine
  • The integrity of the intestinal gut lining
  • The balance between the good and bad bacteria



Should I take probiotics for ulcerative colitis?


The gut contains trillions of microorganisms that live in harmony with one another. This complex community of beneficial and harmful bacteria makes up the gut microbiome. They aid in digestion and help keep the gut healthy. Imbalances among these bacteria contribute to the development of digestive disorders, including ulcerative colitis.


Ulcerative colitis is a relapsing and remitting disease. Sometimes, the disease is quiet, and other times it flares up, causing symptoms. Traditional treatment involves treating active flare-ups and preventing flare-ups. They are often treated with corticosteroids. Prevention of flare-ups involves using certain drugs long-term.


The use of probiotic supplements does not shorten the duration of flare-ups, but it can reduce the symptoms of ulcerative colitis during a flare-up. The symptoms reported were less severe and less frequent.



How do probiotics help treat ulcerative colitis?


Ulcerative colitis involves managing your symptoms and managing any inflammation in your colon. If you experience symptoms such as gas, bloating, and loose stools, probiotics may be able to help. There are several ways to include probiotics in your diet:

  • Include fermented foods and drinks like yogurt, kefir, kimchi, and miso
  • Take probiotic supplements


The use of beneficial bacteria may help treat ulcerative colitis because it addresses the underlying cause. It is believed that ulcerative colitis is caused by problems with the immune system. As the immune system fights harmful invaders, it can sometimes attack your own body in an attempt to protect it from the perceived threat.


According to research, probiotics can have the following effects:

  • They act as a gut barrier against harmful bacteria. This prevents their entry into the intestinal lining and the bloodstream. It also prevents harmful bacteria from stimulating the immune cells, which can lead to ulcerative colitis.
  • Helps increase mucus production and consistency. As a result, the gut mucus layer becomes thicker, effectively protecting it from invasive bacteria.
  • They boost the production of protective immune proteins and other antimicrobial substances in the intestines.
  • Boost the anti-inflammatory functions by changing the mucosal immune system.

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