Probiotics for Autoimmune Diseases
Probiotics have become more and more popular over the past few decades. This is due to the fact that doctors have become more convinced that gut dysbiosis may be responsible for a wide variety of illnesses. It is especially true for disorders of the digestive system. It is also possibly responsible for a host of other illnesses, including autoimmune diseases.
What is an autoimmune disease?
Autoimmune disease is a condition in which the body attacks itself by mistakes. There are almost 100 different kinds of autoimmune disease, and the most common ones include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Type 1 diabetes
- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- Myasthenia gravis
- Celiac disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Pernicious anemia
Normally, the immune system guards against germs such as viruses and bacteria. Whenever it detects foreign invaders, fighter cells attack the foreign invaders. In most cases, the immune system can tell the difference between your cells and foreign cells. When someone has this condition, the immune system mistakes parts of the body as foreign, such as the skin and joints. It produces proteins called autoantibodies, which attack healthy cells.
Because there are so many types of autoimmune diseases, it is difficult to diagnose and treat them. But we know for certain that inflammation is a common sign of autoimmune disease, which runs in families.
The intestinal microbiome performs a variety of useful functions, including:
- Breaking down of dietary fibers
- Maintaining a healthy bowel movement
- Production of important metabolites
- Absorbing essential nutrients
According to a recent study, the gut microbiome can also regulate the immune system. Vitamin A appears to play a major role in this process. In the study, researchers discovered that beneficial bacteria can coexist with the immune system. It does this by controlling the active vitamin A level in the gut to prevent an overactive immune response. Controlling the protein that regulates vitamin A level enabled researchers to reduce the number of immune cells that coordinate antibacterial response against gut bacteria.
Why are probiotics recommended for people with an autoimmune condition?
Despite not being approved by FDA for the treatment of autoimmune disease, doctors believe that probiotic supplements may help ease the signs and symptoms of autoimmune disease. Probiotics restore the balance and functions of the microbiome.
Although it’s unclear what causes autoimmune diseases, some signs indicate an alteration in the microbiome, and autoimmunity may be related. Researchers have discovered that the intestinal flora of people with this condition has significantly been altered and that probiotics may indeed help reduce the symptoms.
Supplements containing Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus appear to be the most studied strain in terms of autoimmune disease, for which it has had some success. It is also true for autoimmune-related GI diseases. How probiotics reduce the impact of autoimmune conditions is still unknown. It is thought that it helps by transforming the gut flora from being dysfunctional to normal. Which in turn promotes healthier living, including a reduction in immunological disturbances.