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Probiotics for Acne

Acne is one of the most common yet mysterious skin conditions not only among teenagers, but also among adults. Acne breakouts- painful and pesky spots can be very persistent, and it isn’t just a skin problem that goes away.

Acne is an umbrella term for different types of skin blemishes-cystic acne, whiteheads, blackheads, papules, and nodules. These skin blemishes are all considered as acne. Acne breakouts usually occur on the face, but acne can also occur on other parts of the body like the back, chest, neck, and inside the ears.


Acne is caused by:

  • Variety of life events that causes hormonal changes such as
    • Menstruation
    • Pregnancy
    • Menopause
    • Aging process
  • Medications
  • Genetics
  • Stress
  • Reactions to some skincare products
  • Certain health issues
  • Skin abrasion
  • What you eat and how well-hydrated you are
  • Skin hygiene routine

All these can affect your skin’s health and can contribute to the severity and how often you have acne breakouts.


What probiotics have to do with your skin?


Each area of the body has its unique microbiome. The skin, which is the largest organ in your body, the microbiome in it regulates inflammation and blocks microbes. Now, the good microbes in the skin help kill the harmful bacteria and prevent infections from becoming serious. However, this normal balance of the skin’s microbiome becomes disrupted due to stress, diet, chronic inflammation, and changes in your skin’s pH level. When the ecosystem becomes imbalanced, it can cause skin conditions such as eczema, acne, and rosacea.

This is where microbiome skincare comes in. Research suggests that skincare products with probiotics, prebiotics may help restore the balance and improve your skin’s microbiome. Restoring the balance may help reduce acne, eczema, and other skin conditions.


The role of probiotics on acne


Probiotics are hailed as a must-take for general wellness, but they could be integral for skin health as well. The skin’s microbiome has to do with the development of acne. The P. acnes bacteria have long been the culprit for acne but P. acnes isn’t just the only bacterial strain responsible for such skin condition. It has something to do with the balance between the good and harmful bacteria in the skin. What’s the role of probiotics on acne? Let’s look at the different ways at how probiotics may help with acne.

  • Restore the balance of the skin microbiome:

Probiotic supplements, topical probiotics can help restore the balance of the gut microbiome by:

  • Inhibiting the growth of bad bacteria
  • Boosting the levels of beneficial bacteria on the skin

Streptococcus salivarius and staphylococcus epidermis are natural inhabitants of the skin. Both bacteria can inhibit the growth of P. acnes that causes acne and other skin conditions.

  • Reduce inflammation:

Acne is an inflammatory condition. A certain strain of Bifidobacterium and lactobacillus can help reduce the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

  • Maintaining the integrity of the gut barrier:

Leaky gut can sometimes contribute to the development of acne. By taking probiotic supplements, you can reinforce the gut barrier integrity and prevent harmful bacteria from causing damages to the gut lining.

  • Reduce oxidative stress:

Oxidative stress contributes to the development of acne. With the help of probiotic supplements, you can counteract the excess free radicals in the body that contributes to oxidative stress.

  • Help manage the effect of stress:

Stress can trigger acne. When you are stressed, your cortisol level increases. It then binds to the receptor in the skin and causes increased production of sebum and inflammation. Indirectly, stress can also cause acne by causing gut dysbiosis.

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